Computer step by step
 Make your Pc better
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   The pc tune-up procedure is intended to increase your system's performance.
All presented methods are easy to follow and prevent your system to run slow,
freeze or crash. You will use your default windows features without needing any
third party applications. We will not include steps that can drastically modify your
system's functionality. A good example to explain better what we mean by drastic
modifications is the following. For example to improve your system performance you can
stop services you usually don't use. One service that can be stopped is the one controlling your printer. This
action might be good for a computer user which doesn't use  a printer, but it generates errors  for another
which uses one.
   To increase the overall time of pc tune up you can choose between the command line method and normal
method. We believe the method using command prompt is faster then the normal one, because you can just
select the whole command line, right click on the selected area, click Copy, then right click on your command
prompt window and choose Paste in order to copy it. However, we recommend to choose the one you feel
most comfortable with. Also for backup reasons we added for every method detailed articles with pictures,
you can access them by clicking on the operating system logo.

   Note: In order to achieve best results, you need to complete all steps.
   Lets start applying the steps by opening a command prompt window :

   In order to open a Command Prompt window please go to Start and choose Run ...
Increase your system's performance
   In the Command Prompt window please select, copy and paste the following command:

powercfg /hibernate off

Please press Enter to execute

Note: If the system does not support hibernation you will be informed in cmd window
   Using Windows
   Please go to Start and open Control Panel

If Control Panel is on Category view please Switch to Classic View
In Control Panel window please open Power Options
In Power Options Properties window please go to Hibernation tab and uncheck Enable hibernation
checkbox. Press OK to finis
#Windows
   Clean your temporary files

   Temporary files are  created by many different programs. They use the temporary folder during the
installation process  and while they are running. These files supposed to be removed once the process is
completed, but due to various reasons: unexpected shutdown, programming errors, corrupt installation, etc,
they are left behind, wasting free space of your hard disk.
   The temporary folder is also the perfect hiding place for malicious files like viruses and spyware. From here
they can spread  infecting the whole computer.
   A periodical clean up of your temporary files will certainly improve your system performance.
   Clean your temporary files following these steps:
   Using CMD
   In the Command Prompt window please select, copy and paste the following commands:

rd /s /q %temp%
mkdir %temp%
rd /s /q c:\windows\temp\
mkdir c:\windows\temp\

After each command please press Enter
   Using Windows
   Please go to Start and choose Run ...

Write %temp% and press ok
In the Temp folder please go to Tools and select Folder Options
In the Folder Options window please go to the View tab, select Show hidden files and folders and
deselect Hide extensions for known file types
To deselect Hide protected operating system files (Recommended) please confirm the the Warning
window. Press OK to close Folders Options window.
Please select the first file from the folder Temp
Please use Ctrl+A  keyboard combination to select all the files from this folder. Right click on the selection
and choose Delete
Please Confirm Multiple File Delete
Now you can close this window and open the temp folder from windows.
Please go to Start and choose Run... , write c:\windows\temp\ and press OK
On this folder please delete all the files like you did on the above steps
#CMD #Windows
   Delete old windows update files

   Windows update is a Microsoft feature with the purpose to keep your system up to date by offering you
several patches, security updates, service packs and also new enhancements. This service scans your system
and provides you the possibility to choose which updates to install. There is no need to worry, all offered
updates are compatible with your system and all you need to do is to choose and start the installation
process. Once the process is started it will perform the required steps in the background and you can go on
using your computer without any interference. Some installed updates will require a system restart, if this is
the case you will be prompted to restart your computer or you can postpone it.
   During update process, windows updates are first downloaded and then saved on your computer. When
the process is completed these files remain on your computer reducing disk space. They can be deleted to
gain more free space.
    Delete your old windows update files following these steps:
   Using CMD
   In the Command Prompt window please select, copy and paste the following commands:

net stop wuauserv
ren %systemroot%\SoftwareDistribution SoftwareDistribution.old
net start wuauserv
rd /s/q %systemroot%\SoftwareDistribution.old

After each command please press Enter
   Using Windows
   Please go to Start and choose Run ...

Write services.msc and press ok
Please find and open Automatic Update service
In Automatic Updates Properties please Stop Automatic Update service
Now go to Start and choose Run ...
Write C:\WINDOWS and press ok
Now locate SoftwareDistribution right click on it and select Rename
Change the name to SoftwareDistribution.old
Now go back to Automatic Updates Properties window and Start the service
After the service is started a new SoftwareDistribution directory is created and now you can delete
SoftwareDistribution.old
Please Confirm Folder Delete
#CMD #Windows
   No net crawling

   Every time your open My Computer the system automatically searches for network files and printers. This
search causes a delay for the icons to load. By disabling this feature you will observe a dramatic increase in
speed.
   Change this setting following these steps:
   Using CMD
   In the Command Prompt window please select, copy and paste the following command:

REG add "HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Advanced" /v NoNetCrawling /t REG_DWORD /d 1 /f

Please press Enter to execute
#CMD
   Using Windows
   Please go to Start and open My Computer

In My Computer window please go to Tools and select Folder Options...
In Folder Options window please uncheck Automatically search for network folders and printers.
Press OK in order to finish.
#Windows
   Indexing service

   The indexing service shortens the access time to files by indexing them. They are stored in memory to
speed up the file search. If you don't use windows search often then you can turn off the index service and
you'll free up memory and cpu usage.
   Change this setting following these steps:
   Using CMD
   In the Command Prompt window please select, copy and paste the following commands:

net stop cisvc
REG add "HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\CiSvc" /v Start /t REG_DWORD /d 4 /f

After each command please press Enter
#CMD
   Using Windows
   Please go to Start and choose Run ...

Write services.msc and press ok
In Services window please locate and open Indexing Service
In Indexing Service Properties window please stop the service and change Startup type to Disabled.
In order to finish press Ok.
#Windows
   Power options

   A power plan is a collection of hardware and system settings that manages how your computer uses
power. In order for your computer to run at it's maximum speed and potential we recommend to set Power
Options to Always On.
   Change this setting following these steps:
   Using CMD
   In the Command Prompt window please select, copy and paste the following command:

powercfg /setactive "Always On"

Please press Enter to execute
#CMD
   Using Windows
   Please go to Start and choose Control Panel

If Control Panel is on Category View please Switch to Classic View
In Control Panel window please locate and open Power Options
In Power Options Properties please change Power schemes to Always On.
Press OK to finish.
#Windows
   Speed up Xp

   This section contains small tweaking which will improve your overall system performance.
   Make this settings following these steps:
   Using CMD
   In the Command Prompt window please select, copy and paste the following commands:

REG add "HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\ContentIndex" /v StartupDelay /t REG_DWORD /d 40000 /f
REG add "HKCU\Control Panel\Desktop" /v ForegroundLockTimeout /t REG_DWORD /d 0 /f
REG add "HKCU\Control Panel\Desktop" /v HungAppTimeout /t REG_SZ /d 4000 /f
REG add "HKCU\Control Panel\Desktop" /v MenuShowDelay /t REG_SZ /d 100 /f
REG add "HKCU\Control Panel\Desktop" /v WaitToKillAppTimeout /t REG_SZ /d 5000 /f
REG add "HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control" /v WaitToKillServiceTimeout /t REG_SZ /d 5000 /f
REG add "HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Update" /v UpdateMode /t REG_DWORD /d 0 /f

After each command please press Enter
#CMD
   Run a disk error checkup

   Your hard disk might have errors or corruption in the file or directory structure. They can be produced by
several causes: system freezes, inappropriate shut downs or power outages. The check disk command will
inspect your hard drive volumes and repair problems related to bad sectors, lost clusters, cross-linked files,
and directory errors. It will repair automatically any found errors. Mainly we recommend to run a check disk
for your system partition. Because the partition is in use, this check will be done next time when the
computer restarts. The process takes a while but it makes sure your disk is healthy.
    A regular disk checkup is part of a good system maintenance.
   Run a disk error checkup following these steps:
   Using CMD
   In the Command Prompt window please select, copy and paste the following commands:

chkdsk /x /f /r
Y

After each command please press Enter
   Using Windows
   Please go to Start and open My Computer

Right on your windows partition and choose Properties
In Properties window please go to Tools tab and press on Check Now... button
In Check Disk Local Disk window please check Automatically fix file system errors and Scan for and
attempt recovery of bad sectors boxes and click on Start button
Because this is your system partition you will be informed that this utility will run on the next restart.
Please confirm the pop-up
#CMD #Windows
   Msconfig

   All windows based systems have the system configuration utility (Msconfig) included and it's  used to
change the way windows starts up. With in the utility you can disable startup programs and services in order
for the system to boot faster and improve his overall performance.
   Make this settings following these steps:
   Using CMD
#CMD
   In the Command Prompt window please select, copy and paste the following command:

C:\WINDOWS\pchealth\helpctr\binaries\msconfig

Please press Enter to execute
In System Configuration Utility please go to Startup list and Disable All. Leave only programs that you
want to start with your operating system ( for example your laptop touchpad program )
Now please go to BOOT.INI tab, change Timeout to 3 sec and press on Advanced Options... button.
If your system have more then 1 core you can use them to boot your pc faster
Press Ok to finis and choose Exit Without Restart
   Using Windows
#Windows
   Please go to Start and choose Run ...

Write msconfig and press ok
In System Configuration Utility please go to Startup list and Disable All. Leave only programs that you
want to start with your operating system ( for example your laptop touchpad program )
Now please go to BOOT.INI tab, change Timeout to 3 sec and press on Advanced Options... button
If your system have more then 1 core you can use them to boot your pc faster
Press Ok to finis and choose Exit Without Restart
   Visual Effects

   Visual effects makes your system have a pleasing look. The system is using effects like fading, shadows
and other styles  to achieve the pleasant appearance. These effects consume considerable amount of system
resources. Some features can be unchecked and you'll still be able to keep the visual effect but a bit
decreased. After these changes you'll notice a performance boost.
   Make this settings following these steps:
   Using CMD
#CMD
   In the Command Prompt window please select, copy and paste the following command:

RUNDLL32.EXE shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL sysdm.cpl,,3

Please press Enter to execute
In System Properties window please go to Advanced tab and click on the Settings button from
Performance section
In Performance Options window select Adjust for best performance then check:

Smooth edges of screen fonts
Use drop shadows for icon labels on the desktop
Use visual styles on windows and buttons

Press OK to finish.
   Using Windows
#Windows
   Please go to Start right click on My Computer and choose Properties

In System Properties window please go to Advanced tab and click on the Settings button from
Performance section
In Performance Options window select Adjust for best performance then check:

Smooth edges of screen fonts
Use drop shadows for icon labels on the desktop
Use visual styles on windows and buttons

Press OK to finish.
   Disk Cleanup

   Windows provides the perfect utility to help you clean up unnecessary files from your partition. This utility
is called disk cleanup and it scans you disk for files that are safe to delete, freeing up significant amounts of
disk space. Depending on the system, you will have a list of categories, like:
- Downloaded Program Files
- Temporary Internet Files
- Recycle Bin
- Setup Log Files
- Offline Files
- Compress Old Files
   You can review each category and read more information about it in the Description section of the window.
    The utility can be accessed using these steps:
   Using CMD
#CMD
   In the Command Prompt window please select, copy and paste the following command:

cleanmgr

Please press Enter to execute
Please select your system partition and press OK
Select all then go to More Options tab
In More Options tab click on Clean up... from System Restore section
Please confirm Disk Cleanup pop-up
Please confirm cleaning the selected item from Disk Cleanup tab
Please wait Disk Cleanup to finish
   Using Windows
#Windows
   Please go to Start->All Programs->Accessories->System Tools->Disk Cleanup

Please select your system partition and press OK
Select all then go to More Options tab
In More Options tab click on Clean up... from System Restore section
Please confirm Disk Cleanup pop-up
Please confirm cleaning the selected item from Disk Cleanup tab
Please wait Disk Cleanup to finish
   Check your system files integrity

   Also integrated in your operating system is the System File Checker Tool. It's a very useful and powerful
tool to restore corruptions in your windows system's files. Why do we need to use it? During every day use
we install several programs which need access to system files; they may need to modify them or even
overwrite them. This tool was created like a security measure to protect critical system files. Every change is
tracked by the system and a spare copy of the initial file is saved. Like this, your system protects him self
from malicious attacks, corruptions or several other problems.
   The tool is very easy to use, you just need to start the checking process. If any critical files are damaged
they will be restored automatically.
   Using CMD
#CMD
   In the Command Prompt window please select, copy and paste the following command:

sfc /scannow

Please press Enter to execute

Note: This command, depending of your operating system, will ask for windows installation cd.
   Defragment your disk drive volumes

   Another useful tool is Disk Defragmenter Utility. All files that are stored on your hard disk are physically
organized in contiguous or in smaller fragments. Accessing fragmented files is slower then accessing content
from a contiguous region. By defragmenting the disk, we reduce the time to read and write data. Another
advantage is that it will speed up your system startup time.
   A regular defragmention will maintain your disk performance.
   Using CMD
#CMD
   In the Command Prompt window please select, copy and paste the following command:

dfrg.msc

Please press Enter to execute
Please select your system partition and press Defragment
   Using Windows
#Windows
   Please go to Start->All Programs->Accessories->System Tools->Disk Defragmenter

Please select your system partition and press Defragment
   Once you have completed all the steps from PC Tune-up article, your computer speed should already be
improved. In order to successfully complete the procedure, you will need to restart your computer. The first
restart will be slow and will take longer then usual, because the disk check utility was also scheduled to run.
Be patient and leave it to run. The full optimization will be done and you'll notice the improvements only after
a second restart.

Note: If you notice anything you don't like after you have finished the PC Tune-up, you can use System
restore to return to a previous state. You can use the System restore point created when you have begun
the PC tune-up.

However, if you have problems with your computer, feel free to ask for help on our Forum or send us an
email at admin@computerstepbystep.com
   In the Command Prompt window please select, copy and paste the following command:

REG add "HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Memory Management" /v "PagingFiles" /t REG_MULTI_SZ /d "C:\pagefile.sys 0 0" /f

Please press Enter to execute
   Using Windows
   Please go to Start right click on My Computer and select Properties

Please go to Advanced tab and click on Settings button from Performance section
Please go to Advanced tab and click on Change button from Virtual Memory section
Please change from Custom size to System managed size then click on Set button and then OK
Please confirm that this change will be applied after system`s restart
#Windows
   Hibernation

    We can free more space by disabling the hibernation feature, this only if you don't use it.
   There are 2 features that are present when you restart or shutdown your computer: standby and
hibernate. The concept of standby means the computer is in a “sleep” mode and is always ready to wake
up. All your work and running applications will be resumed. The standby feature save all data in RAM. Some
peripherals will have the power cut off, the computer enters in a power saving mode.
   The concept of the hibernation is also to resume all your work and running applications but it save all
these information in a file called hiberfil.sys which is located on your system drive. The size of the file can
reach 2 GB or more. The main benefit of disabling hibernation is freeing up hard drive space.
    Lets start now by following these steps:
   Using CMD
#CMD
   Virtual memory

    Virtual memory or page file is a substitute for RAM. The difference between virtual memory and RAM is that
virtual memory is using the hard disk like RAM. Page file uses a file pagefile.sys which is located on your
system drive. Virtual memory comes in handy when you are running low on RAM. The default virtual memory,
paging file should be set to system managed. The system will know how much space should be allocated for
the system and running programs to function properly.
   Please determine available space following these steps:
   Using CMD
#CMD Up Back
   Chrome
#Delete
   Safari
   Netscape
#Browser #Browser
   Opera
#Windows #Delete
   Clean/Reset your browser

   A browser is a software application which helps you to load the websites you love so much. There are a
variety of browsers available for navigating the world wide web (www). Most popular ones are Internet
Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Chrome, Opera, Netscape and Safari. In time your browser performance decreases
due to several reasons: add-ons, toolbars, plug-ins, etc.
   Toolbars, how did they arrive on your computer?
   Now a days almost each software comes with a toolbar which is mentioned during installation process and
it's added to your browser. One toolbar is not a lot, but in time by installing more applications you will find
your self with at least 5 or 6 toolbars.  A massive amount of toolbars will decrease your screen view and  
browsing performance.
    Each browser has a cache folder where it stores copies of accessed web content. The purpose of this
folder is to increase your network performance. When you access a web page which has been accessed
before it will be loaded it from cache. This technique has a downside, the cache content increases filling your
hard drive with unwanted files. This means less space for your system.
   Toolbars, add-ons and stored internet files lead to poor navigation experience. A quick resolution is to
reset your browser back to default settings. This procedure removes all customizations done to the browser:
removes your homepage settings, disables all add-ons and toolbars, erases your browsing history,deletes
all saved accounts and passwords and changes your security settings to default mode. Basically after this
step, you start with a fresh copy of your browser.
Note: Bookmarks or favorites will not be affected by this  procedure.
   Clean your temporary files following these steps:
   Internet Explorer
   Mozilla Firefox
#Browser #Windows #Browser
   Please go to Start and open My Computer

Right click on your system partition and select Properties
   In the Command Prompt window please select, copy and paste the following command:

%systemroot%\system32\restore\rstrui.exe

Please press Enter to execute
Select Create a restore point and then click Next
Give a name, for example pc-tune-up and click on Create in order to continue
After you receive the confirmation that the new restore point is created click Close to finis
   Using Windows
   Please go to Start->All Programs->Accessories->System Tools and select System Restore

Select Create a restore point and then click Next
Give a name, for example pc-tune-up and click on Create in order to continue
After you receive the confirmation that the new restore point is created click Close to finis
#Windows
   Determine available space

    Next step is to check free available space on your system partition. A good amount of free space needs to
be reserved and kept only for your system to work properly. Making sure enough space is available we avoid
system freezes, crashes or situations when the system is not able boot at all.
    Please determine available space following these steps:
   Using Windows
#Windows
  In the Command Prompt window please select, copy and paste the following command:

taskmgr

Please press Enter to execute
Select Performance tab
   Using Windows
#Windows
   Right click on Task Bar and select Task Manager

Select Performance tab
   Create a system restore point

    As a precaution measure we recommend to create a system restore point. If by any reason you don't
agree with the new settings, you can easily use this system restore point to revert to your old settings.
    Create the system restore point following these steps:
   Using CMD
#CMD
   Using CMD
   In the Command Prompt window please select, copy and paste the following command:

sysdm.cpl

Please press Enter to execute
   Using Windows
   Please go to Start, right click on My Computer and select Properties
#CMD #Windows
   Task manager Performance tab

    We need the Task Manager application to check system's performance before and after the PC Tune-Up
process.
    Task Manager is a operating system program which provides detail information about running process and
programs. Mainly you should focus on the CPU and Memory usage.
   At the end of the PC Tune-Up process the usage should be less then before.
   Please follow this steps in order to open Task Manager window:
   Using CMD
#CMD
   System properties

    We will use the System Properties window to check your hardware settings,  if it meets the system
requirements defined for your operating system. We are interested here to check hardware information, like
the reported amount of available Ram.
    The General tab from System Properties window will show:
- your operating system edition
- your processor type and speed
- how much RAM is available for your computer
   Use this link to verify if your computer meets the minimum requirements for basic functionality.
Note: Keep in mind that this requirements are only for a good functionality of your operating system and not
for your additional installed programs.

http://support.microsoft.com/kb/314865
   As we have spoke previously in the Software maintenance article, you may find that your system has only
the minimum amount of RAM. If this is the case  you may need additional RAM installed.
   For instance, if Windows Vista Home Basic system requirements is 512 MB Ram and your  hardware
settings show 512 MB, then you have to understand that this amount of RAM is necessary only for your
operating system. Additional Ram needs to be added in order for your installed programs to function as they
Should.
   We do this hardware check to eliminate the hardware part and concentrate more on the software settings
to improve your system performance.
   Please follow this steps in order to open System properties window:
Write cmd and press ok
In this window you can paste the commands
   Using Browser
   Please open Internet Explorer, go to Tools button and select Internet Options

In the Internet Properties window please go Advanced tab and first click on the Restore advanced
settings button and after  on the Reset ... button.
In the Reset Internet Explorer Settings window please read the information's and click on Reset button
Click on the Close button to continue
Click on the OK button to finish the procedure
   Using Windows
   Please go to Start and choose Control Panel

If Control Panel is on Category View please click on Switch to Classic View button to change it.
In the Control Panel window double click on Internet Options icon
In the Internet Properties window please go Advanced tab and first click on the Restore advanced
settings button and after  on the Reset ... button.
In the Reset Internet Explorer Settings window please read the information's and click on Reset button
Click on the Close button to continue
Click on the OK button to finish the procedure
   Using Browser
   Please open Mozilla Firefox, go to Help button and select Restart with Add-ons Disabled...

Please confirm Firefox pop-up
Make your settings and click on Make Changes and Restart  
   Using Windows
   Please go to Start and choose Run ...

Write firefox -safe-mode and press ok
Make your settings and click on Make Changes and Restart
   Delete Private Data
   Please open Opera, go to Menu button and select Delete Private Data... from Settings

Click on Detailed Options to see what to delete
Make your settings and click on Delete
   Please open Safari, go to Menu button and select Reset Safari...

Make your settings and then press Reset button in order to reset your Safari browser
   Using Browser
   Using Browser
   Please open Netscape, go to Tools button and select Clear Private Data... Ctrl+Shift+Del

Make your settings and click on the Clear Private Data Now button in order to clear your private data.
   Clear browsing data
   Open Chrome, go to Customize and control button, and select Clear browsing data... from Tools menu

Make your settings and press Clear browsing data button in order to finish
   In order to reset Chrome to default settings you need to rename or delete the Default directory from the

following path:
C:\Documents and Settings\Win Xp\Local Settings\Application Data\Google\Chrome\User Data
Where “C:\” is the system partition and “Win Xp” the user name

Please perform the following steps:

Replace in the path c:\ with your system partition and Win Xp with your current user name.
Go to Start and choose Run...
Insert your path and press OK
In User Data folder select Default directory, right click on it and choose Rename
After you renamed the folder, for example Default.old, open Chrome.
   Reset to default settings
   In order to reset Opera to default settings you need to delete operaprefs.ini from your profile directory
Please perform the following steps:

Please open Opera, go to Menu button and select About Opera from Help
In About Opera go to Preferences section, select the path without the file operaprefs.ini, right click on it and
select Copy
After you have the path, to go directly to the file, go to Start and choose Run ...
In the Run window right click and select Paste to copy the Preferences path
Please press OK button to open the Preferences folder
In Opera folder please find and select operaprefs.ini file. Right click on it and select Delete.
Please Confirm File Delete
To finish please close Opera folder and restart Opera browser
#Reset
   Reset to default settings
#Reset