Computer step by step
 Make your Pc better
   
   
Windows installations
( Windows install, reinstall, repair, upgrade
or downgrade )
  The operating system is the program which makes connections between hardware parts of the computer
and user. If you choose to use Windows, we've decided to detail the cases when you need to install the
operating, system considering keeping your data. Regarding your options we try to provide a table for your
Situation:  

Note: Before starting to install, reinstall or repair the operating system, we recommend to have prepared
these items:

- Windows media cd with your product key
- Operating System drivers ( if you don't have them , access manufacturer's website and download them )
- Internet settings

Case

Resolution

First install

You have a new computer with operating system on it

- you can transfer your personal data from the old computer to the new one,    using windows tools

You have a new computer with no operating system on it

- choosing an operating system
 - how to make first installation
 - how to transfer your personal data from the old computer to the new one,    using windows tools

Reinstall

Your operating system is damage

- system repair options
   
Note: If after repair stages you consider that the operating system works    smoothly ignore the next steps and we recommend do a PC-tune-up
 - because the operating system is damage make a manual backup of your    personal data from your system partition (where the current operating    system is installed)
 - reinstall your operating system
   
Note: If you cannot repair the current system as much as to recover your    data, then choose an installation which does not format or recreate system    partitioning in order to recover your personal data

Your operating system is working, but you want a clean install

- before a new system installation we recommend to backup your personal    data; considering that your current operating system is not damaged you    can use the Windows utilities provided by the system for a faster backup or    if you want you can make a manual backup. ( Files and Settings Transfer    Wizard for Windows Xp or Windows Easy Transfer for Windows Vista or 7 )
 - reinstall your operating system

Upgrade/Downgrade

Upgrade Operating System Version

- upgrading the current operating system to a better version of the same    operating system

Upgrade Operating System Version using custom install

- upgrading the current operating system to a better version of the same    operating system but you're not sure and you might come back to the    version you already have

Downgrade Operating System Version

- downgrading  or returning to an inferior version of the same operating    system

Upgrade Operating System

- upgrading the current operating system to a better version ( example:    from Windows Xp to Windows Vista etc. )

Upgrade Operating System using custom install

- upgrading the current operating system to a better version but you're not    sure and you might want to return to the current operating system

Downgrade Operating System

- downgrading or returning to an inferior operating system ( example: from    Windows Vista to Windows XP etc. )

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  You have a new computer with operating system on it

In the case that you buy a new computer and you want that your data and settings to be transferred from
your old computer to the new one, Windows operating system can help you make a fast transition in the
following cases:

Note: These options should not be used for transfers between 32 bit and 64 bit versions; for this kind of
transfer, you need to make the backup manually.

Old Computer

New Computer

Application name and path

Windows Xp

Windows Xp

Files and Settings Transfer Wizzard

Start->All Programs->Accessories->System Tools

Windows Xp

Windows Vista

Windows Easy Transfer

Download and install application from:
http://www.microsoft.com/download/en/details.aspx?id=7349

Start->All Programs

Windows Xp

Windows 7

Windows Easy Transfer

Download and install application from:
( 32 bit ) http://www.microsoft.com/download/en/details.aspx?id=4503
( 64 bit ) http://www.microsoft.com/download/en/details.aspx?id=9926

Start->All Programs

Windows Vista

Windows Vista

Windows Easy Transfer

Start->All Programs->Accessories->System Tools

Windows Vista

Windows 7

Windows Easy Transfer

Download and install application from:
( 32 bit ) http://www.microsoft.com/download/en/details.aspx?displaylang=en&id=14179
( 64 bit ) http://www.microsoft.com/download/en/details.aspx?displaylang=en&id=20483

Start->All Programs

Windows 7

Windows 7

Windows Easy Transfer

Start->All Programs->Accessories->System Tools

Windows Vista

Windows Xp

manual transfer

Windows 7

Windows Xp

manual transfer

Windows 7

Windows Vista

manual transfer

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  You have a new computer with no operating system on it

- Choosing operating system

Before choosing an operating system you need to compare the hardware components that you own with the
minimum requirements demanded by your operating system.

Note: Take in consideration that minimum requirements are just for using the operating system, for using
desired program on this operating system you need additional resources.

Windows Xp
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/314865

Windows Vista
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/919183

Windows 7
http://windows.microsoft.com/en-US/windows7/products/system-requirements

- First install

First install is differentiated from other installment types by the fact that the hard disk will be divided. We
recommend that first partition (system partition) should have at least 50 GB and maximum 100 GB and the
rest of hard disk would be divided depending your necessities, for example a partition for programs, one for
games, etc.

Note: The recommendation for your hard disk to be divided in such manner is made by two reasons:

First reason :     If you wish to make a clean reinstall you can  format or recreate the system partition
                           because most of personal data will be on other partition.
Second reason: A hard disk divided into partitions will have a better respond time compared to a hard disk
                          with one partition.

To see how the first install goes select Windows clean install ( A ) from boot from cd/dvd section

- After installing the operating system you can also bring your personal data from the old computer using the
table presented in You have a new computer with operating system on it section
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  Your operating system is damage

If your operating system doesn't start, you have various options to repair it in order to recover your personal
data located in your system partition.

First method to repair your operating system.

Go to Windows repair options section and choose the operating system that you have.

Note: Windows Xp offers the possibility to make "Installation repair", using windows cd disc ( Windows repair
installation ( B ) )

If you succeed to enter into the operating system and you consider that is still broken, you can choose to
make an in-place upgrade. An in-place is an upgrade to the same operating system.You can use this method
to repair your operating system. To see how an in-place upgrade goes navigate to this section:
Windows repair installation; in-place upgrade ( C )

Note: In Windows Xp you can start repair installation from within the operating system; Windows repair
installation ( E )
Note: In Windows Vista and Windows 7 you can't choose to make a repair installation, but you can make a
custom install from within the operating system; Custom install only for Windows Vista and Windows 7 ( G )

If after these methods, you consider that your pc is working as it should, then you can ignore the following
methods and it is recommended to make a pc-tune-up to improve the overall system performance.

If after these methods your operating system still gives you trouble we recommend that you do a manual
backup of your personal data ( from your system partition ) and prepare for a clean reinstall.

Note: Because the operating system is broken you shouldn't make a backup using the utilities given by the
Operating System.

If the operating system fails to start after applying the previous methods we recommend to choose an
install that does not format or remake the system partition in order to keep your personal data.

Windows Xp : Reinstall in the same directory ( D ) or Reinstall in a new directory ( N )
Windows Vista : Custom install only for Windows Vista and Windows 7 ( O )
Windows 7: Custom install only for Windows Vista and Windows 7 ( O )

We recommend to do a clean reinstall after you have made a backup of your data.

You can choose between:

Reinstall formatting system partition ( F )
Reinstall recreating system partition ( R )
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  Your operating system is working, but you want a clean install

Before a clean install, we recommend to backup all your personal data from the system partition. Because the
system is working as it should, you can backup your data using Windows tools. These tools are presented in
You have a new computer with operating system on it table.

When the backup is done, you can start the clean install.

Note: if you wish to start the installation from within the operating system you will not be able to format or
recreate the system partition.

You will be only offered the following options:

Windows Reinstall in the same directory ( K )
Reinstall in a new directory ( J )
Custom install only for Windows Vista and Windows 7 ( G )

We recommend to start a clean install by booting from the windows installation disc.This way you will be able
to use :

Reinstall formatting system partition ( F )
Reinstall recreating system partition ( R )

Note: Also by booting from the windows installation disc you have access to other installation types:

Reinstall in the same directory ( D )
Reinstall in a new directory ( N )
Custom install only for Windows Vista and Windows 7 ( O )
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